There is something rather antiquated about many of the server clusters used today by engineers, scientists and media fiends.
Their high-powered computing machines are often cobbled together over many days either in a makeshift data center or an expensive room with raised floors and penguin-friendly cooling. Cables overwhelm the space. The machines boot slowly. And then when the whole system is finally up and running, the users squabble over who can use part of the cluster for what - renting compute time like the earliest mainframe customers.
That's why Orion Multisystems has made a move to modernize the cluster. The small California company has bested the idea of a personal computer by delivering a personal cluster - a 96-processor workhorse that fits underneath a desk, plugs right into the wall and takes less than two minutes to boot.
"There was an explosion of interest in what could be done with high performance compute clusters, but overtime it became impossible to talk about a standard cluster," said Colin Hunter, CEO of Orion. "Even though there has been tremendous development in what could be considered standard applications, there has never been a standard product for individual technical or creative professionals."
Orion will deliver two flavors of its workstation. A low-end system - shipping Oct. 1 - will have 12 processors, up to 24GB of memory and up to 1.4TB of storage. The high-end box - shipping in the fourth quarter - will have 96 processors, up to 192GB of memory and up to 9.6TB of storage. The small box starts under $10,000, while the larger box comes in under $100,000.
Almost amazingly for a cluster, the boxes have a simple on/off switch. The Orion engineers spent months tuning their Linux operating system and a host of technical computing and graphics software to boot up nearly as fast as a standard PC operating system.
The Orion workstations also run on Transmeta's 1.5GHz Efficeon processors. These low-powered chips coupled with numerous power-sensitive components allow the small cluster to consume less than 200 watts and the large cluster to consume less than 1,500 watts. Just for a bit of perspective, a typical microwave easily consumes 1,200 watts.
By making it possible to plug the workstation in a standard outlet, Orion has opened up its systems to myriad users not satisfied with what standard one- and two-processor workstations or custom clusters can deliver. Scientists in the bio-tech field can now place a cluster right in their labs. Media companies can now give their technicians almost supercomputer class power at their desks, and engineers can now do complex modeling when they're ready instead of fighting for time on the company cluster.
Blast from the past
Orion has basically updated what companies such as SGI and Sun Microsystems once delivered in the 1990s by combining standard components to form a high-performing beast.
"You can spend a little more and get an incredible performance boost," said Horst Simon, director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computer Center at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. "It's kind of a back to the future idea if you think about what people would once spend for a powerful Sun workstation for their engineers and scientists."
There, however, are a couple of concerns surrounding Orion. For one, the company has not yet fully tested the 96 processor system. That box basically combines eight of the 12-processor systems on a shared, high-bandwidth midplane. All of the servers then link into a 10gig backplane and every node can talk to another node at 1 gig per second. The Orion staffers don't expect any problems when linking the systems together, but the fact of the matter is that the box has not yet been done.
Another possible issue is the use of Transmeta processors. There are many customers out there who rightly or wrongly look for the Intel or AMD brand for data center-class products. Transmeta has yet to prove that it can deliver new processors at a steady clip - a factor which could gate how fast Orion can advance its systems.
But it's not surprising that Transmeta ended up as the processor of choice for Orion.
The early foundations for the system can be traced back to the Green Destiny cluster developed by three engineers as Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). That system combined up to 240 RLX blade servers powered by Transmeta chips into a super computer that could fit in a standard closet. One of the most attractive features of the cluster was that it could run without failure in a hot, dusty New Mexico warehouse instead of a super-cooled, specialized facility.
Chris Hipp, a blade server pioneer and co-founder of RLX, worked closely with LANL on Green Destiny and now serves as the VP in charge of applications at Orion. Other Orion co-founders include Hunter who was VP of engineering at Transmeta and Ed Kelly, who once served as CTO at Transmeta and who contributed to early SPARC processor designs at Sun.
The three individuals settled on the Transmeta chips, seeing them as the best performers per watt out there. They say Orion is not married to Transmeta, and one could envision the company picking up low-power Opteron or Xeon chips down the line.
In the near-term, Orion has all the look and feel of a computing pioneer. Besides modernizing the cluster, it is also making use of another growing trend in computing by coupling numerous low-power processors together instead of relying on energy hungry chips that can process a single software thread well.
All of the major chipmakers, including Intel, AMD, Sun and IBM, have discussed a move to low-power multicore chips. These chips place anywhere from four to eight processor cores together and link them up to loads of memory. This strategy makes up for a gap between processor and memory performance, as it allows each core to stay busy instead of having a one core chip cranking away on data and then wasting time waiting for memory. Sun is expected to lead the way with the first "radical" multicore design in 2006 with others following with more or less radical designs from 2007 on.
While Orion hasn't put numerous cores on a single die, it has found a way to link many processors together and surround them with plenty of memory. And, in typical start-up fashion, it has pulled this off well ahead of the big boys.
So far, Orion has been reluctant to say who exactly is beta testing its systems, although at least 10 companies have their hands on the 12-processor box.
Given the popularity of Linux clusters, it would seem that Orion has come up with a very interesting design at the right time. Trends in computing often start out in the labs and slowly make their way to corporate data centers or desks.
IBM, Sun, HP and Dell have all worked to build and ship ready-to-use clusters, hoping to simplify the cluster building process for customers. Those systems, however, tend to edge more toward the supercomputer realm where a single task can be worked on day and night. Orion is now taking that approach to a personal level. It's trying to satisfy the ever-present need among some users for a faster, better box.
In total, Orion has added a new level of ease-of-use to clusters and pushed the boundaries of green computing. It has delivered exactly what you hope for from a start-up, especially in the hardware market, by capitalizing on what should have been an obvious trend and producing a system that makes sense right now, as opposed to futuristic kit. The company also managed to combine commodity parts with strong in-house engineering to out invent larger players but keep its systems affordable.
We'll be keeping a close eye on the firm over the coming months and will bring updates on how the personal cluster idea is coming along. ®
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