Book extract, part 4 In this, the final part of our series of experts from Use Case Driven Object Modeling with UML: Theory and Practice Matt Stephens and Doug Rosenberg show you how to draw lean, purposeful sequence diagrams that are driven from the use cases and preliminary design.
As before, this chapter opens with the following "you are here" diagram of the ICONIX Process, showing in red the area about to be covered.
Mapping sequence and behavior
All the steps in the process so far have been preparing the use cases for the detailed design activity. By this time, your use case text should be complete, correct, detailed, and explicit. In short, your use cases should be in a state where you can create a detailed design from them.
If you figure that preliminary design is all about object discovery, then detailed design is, by contrast, about behavior allocation - that is, allocating the software functions you've identified into the set of classes you discovered during preliminary design.
When you draw sequence diagrams, you're taking another sweep through the preliminary design, adding in detail. You use sequence diagrams to drive the detailed design. We advocate drawing your sequence diagrams in a minimal style.
Here is our final 10-point checklist for successful sequence diagramming. As with all our lists, pay attention because there will be questions:
Top 10 sequence diagramming guidelines
10. Clean up the static model before proceeding to the next step
9. "Prefactor" your design on sequence diagrams before coding
8. Review your class diagrams frequently while you're assigning operations to classes, to make sure all the operations are on the appropriate classes
7. Assign operations to classes while drawing messages. Most visual modeling tools support this capability
6. Don't spend too much time worrying about focus of control
5. Make sure your use case text maps to the messages being passed on the sequence diagram. Try to line up the text and message arrows.
4. Use the sequence diagram to show how the behavior of the use case is accomplished by the objects
3. Start your sequence diagram from the boundary classes, entity classes, actors, and use case text that result from robustness analysis
2. Do a sequence diagram for every use case, with both basic and alternate courses on the same diagram
1. Understand why you're drawing a sequence diagram, to get the most out of it