Cisco has hosted the launch of a new “Cyber Readiness Index” and endorsed its author's belief that nations need to measure the impact of online crime if they are to understand the true impact of technology on their economies and societies.
The author of the Index is Melissa Hathaway, a former security advisor to President Barack Obama's and George W Bush's administrations. Now head of an eponymous consultancy firm, Hathaway is also a senior security advisor to Cisco.
The Index notes the many upsides that flow from technology, asserting that “governments and businesses that embrace the Internet and ICTs recognize it will enhance their long-term competitiveness and societal wellbeing, and potentially contribute up to eight percent of gross domestic product”. But the document says it can find only occasional assessment or quantification of negative economic impacts brought on by technology, citing data on the cost in money and jobs of intellectual property theft.
The study also considered publicly available data on adoption of technology and “network readiness”, before a five-point assessment of whether a nation is “Cyber Ready” was constructed. Those five points are:
- Articulation and publication of a National Cyber Security Strategy
- Does the country have an operational Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) or Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT)?
- Has the country demonstrated commitment to protect against cyber crime?
- Does the country have an information sharing mechanism?
- Is the country investing in cyber security basic and applied research and funding cyber security initiatives broadly?
Full results are available in this PDF, but here's the top 20 nations from the league table of the most “Cyber-Ready” nations:
- South Korea
- United Kingdom
- Hong Kong
- New Zealand
- United States
Hathaway, and Cisco chief security officer Jon Stewart both suggested the study should be a a wake-up call to governments, for the usual reason that the internet is a snake pit but also because without an attempt to count the negatives that come with wide technology adoption their policies aren't well-directed or designed.
Hathaway's rationale for such studies are as follows:
“Measuring the declining gains may force governments to align their digital agenda and economic vision with their cyber security strategy and invest in the derivative value of both. Bringing transparency to the economic losses may spark national and global interest in addressing the economic erosion. Cyber security initiatives, therefore, can enable and preserve the promise of the ICT dividend and help countries realize the full potential of the Internet economy.”
It's a rare day on which a Reg hack somewhere in the world is not offered a study on just how bad things are online and the terrible consequences that await if businesses, governments and you, dear readers, don't offer more time, attention and currency to security. This study has plenty of that thinking behind it, along with some contestable and contentious assertions like the idea counterfeiting and piracy cost jobs.
The study's proposed remedy is more and more serious policy responses to the dangers of the internet, along with more and better implementations of the ideas and institutions listed in the five points above.
Interestingly, before the event started Cisco said it would not entertain questions related to recent Snowden-related revelations.
Our question about pone response to Snowden-instigated action, the IETF's recently-announced plan to harden the internet and bake encryption into HTTP 2.0, saw Hathaway respond that “things happening in international venues are quite emotional.”
“When we enabled encryption for e-commerce we made it easy for criminals to hide their money,” she said. “We need to think about what we enable on the other side of the coin and third or fourth order effects.” ®