More than 80 per cent of employees use software that has not been signed off on for use by their employer, according to a new survey.
Stratecast and Frost & Sullivan asked 300 IT staff and 300 "line of business" (LoB) employees at large companies that employ at least 1,000 people in the UK, North America, Australia and New Zealand about the use of "shadow IT" in their businesses. It defined "shadow IT" as "SaaS applications used by employees for business, which have not been approved by the IT department or obtained according to IT policies".
The study (13-page/842KB PDF) found that 83 per cent of IT staff and 81 per cent of line of business staff have used at least one non-approved "software-as-a-service" (SaaS) application personally and added that it was likely that more than a third of all software within organisations has been bought and been put to use "without oversight".
"Thanks to the ease of access to Software-as-a-Service applications, even nontechnical employees feel comfortable and entitled to choose their software – and they are doing so in droves," the survey report said. "In many cases, IT departments and security officers are unaware of the extent of 'shadow IT,' and therefore unprepared to deal with it."
The survey responses suggested that companies may not be clearly communicating IT policies to staff, the report added.
"Both IT and LoB respondents indicate a broad range of policies [are in place]," the report said. "This reflects confusion in the market over the best way to approach the issue of shadow IT ... Responsibility for such confusion falls squarely on the company’s shoulders: you can’t expect employees to adhere to a policy that they are unclear about."
Employee's familiarity with certain software and slow, bureaucratic sign-off procedures for approved applications are among the main drivers behind widespread "shadow IT" use, the survey said.
"The top drivers cited by both LoB and IT respondents are related to gaining access to the right tools, fast," the report said. "Nearly half of respondents indicate a comfort level with their preferred software package. While whimsical personal preferences may play a role, it is equally likely that respondents’ familiarity with a package means they can avoid a learning curve and thus get their work done more quickly.
"Users also cite slow approval processes for new software, and inadequacies of 'approved' software."
Fewer than half of respondents said that they had "high concern" that their use of unapproved software would lead to sensitive commercial or personal data being accessed or stolen or accidentally exposed.
Fewer than a third of LoB staff surveyed raised "high concern" about whether their activity would place their company in breach of regulatory obligations, whilst just 40 per cent said that they had high concern about whether their company's reputation would suffer as a result of a security breach stemming from their use of unapproved software.
However, approximately 15 per cent of all employees have either experienced or perceived incidents such as malware infection, data loss or unauthorised or blocked access when using particular software packages, the report said. "Despite their experiences and expressions of deep concern, more than 80 per cent of respondents presumably feel justified in continuing to use the non-approved services without ensuring that protective IT policies are applied," the report said.
"IT and business leaders need to work together to create and support policies that enable employees to use the apps they need to be productive, with controls in place to protect data and minimise corporate risk," it said.
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