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Hang on a second – Time Lords have added one to 2015
Brace yourself for software SNAFUs in July
Time Lords at the Earth Orientation Center of the International Earth Rotation Service have decided we need an extra second in 2015, thanks to slowing in the Earth's rotation.
Notice of the extra second says it will be slotted in on June 30th, when the clock will tick over from 23:59:59 to 23:59:60 before ticking over again to 00:00:00 on July 1st.
The last time this happened, the Amadeus airline booking system , Hadoop and Linux servers around the world struck trouble, probably because they weren't set up to cope with the extra second.
Network Time Protocol includes a ”Leap Indicator, a “two-bit code warning of an impending leap second to be inserted in the NTP timescale”, so there is a mechanism for addressing extra seconds. Google, typically, does things its own way by stretching seconds rather than inserting an extra one, suggesting this approach works because it's hard to log events that take place on an inserted second. ®