Mellanox NICs Xilinx FPGA to save backplane slots and CPU cycles

And it's not just about bonkers Bitcoin mining rigs

Mellanox's next-gen Innova network adapter won't just pack the obligatory high-speed interfaces – it'll also embed a Xilinx FPGA.

Offloading workloads was already a key plank of Mellanox's adapter strategy, and that's apparently hit some buttons with customers – hence the FPGA.

Senior director of marketing Bob Doud told The Register that the incoming Innova-2 adapters extend that ability to "offload functions that aren't that friendly to software on the host CPU, and to make the networking functions go faster by accelerating difficult functions in the FPGA".

The adapters pair the Mellanox ConnectX-5 to the Xilinx Kintex ultrascale FPGA, configurable either to accelerate host applications or network applications.

Onboard connectivity – network interfaces, RDMA and PCIe – are configurable to either of these host acceleration ("look-aside") or network ("bump in the wire") acceleration targets.

As a bump in the wire, traffic from the Ethernet interfaces passes through the FPGA for network offload, before hitting the ConnectX-5 SoC and on to the host. In look-aside config, traffic is handed first to the SoC, which passes host acceleration workload traffic to the FPGA.

The PCI switch in the card can also be spilt into two paths.

The card also supports the OpenCAPI (coherent accelerator processor interface) because, Doud said, that's getting industry traction with backers like IBM.

"OpenCAPI is a way to connect directly into the processor – in IBM's case, Power9. It's an improved bus, similar to PCI Express, but PCIe is not a coherent interface, and OpenCAPI is.

"Our connection is running over eight lanes, and each lane is running at 25Gbps, so the peak throughput is 200Gbps. After overheads, you've got between 160 and 170Gbps direct from the processor to the FPGA... that allows some very interesting offloads to be pushed off to the FPGA."

There will be two versions of the card, supporting either dual 25Gbps Ethernet interfaces, or two 100Gbps interfaces configurable either as 200Gbps of Ethernet or 100Gbps each of Ethernet and Infiniband.

Doud noted that the Ethernet-Infiniband combo also means the card could be programmed to provide an efficient bridge between the corporate Ethernet and an Infiniband storage infrastructure.

Security applications like IPSec and TLS are a natural for inline processing, he said, along with DDoS and firewall workloads. These were already in the Mellanox vision, with the FPGA providing additional speed and programmability.

It's the look-aside workloads that the company hopes will attract a new market, with Doud citing machine learning, the fledgling FPGA-as-a-service business, blockchain acceleration, search optimisation, and analytics.

The Innova-2 would also be suitable for storage acceleration, Doud said, in NVMe fabrics, handling workloads like compression and deduplication.

And, of course, putting the FPGA on the NIC also saves slots for people building hyperscale environments.

Programming the FPGA

Doud said while Mellanox is providing some FPGA applications as pre-canned capabilities (for example, security acceleration), the company also expects customers who already have FPGA skills to bring their own "magic".

Xilinx's toolkits and development suite are provided with the adapters, and customers will have access to Xilinx's ecosystem partners.

Some Mellanox intellectual property is offered to developers by way of what Doud called a "shim".

"Take the Ethernet ports, for example. You get the PHY and the MAC layers from Xilinx, Mellanox behind that can provide IP to implement functions you might find in ConnectX, like offloads, packet processing, and so on."

Similarly, the PCIe MAC layer is provided by Xilinx, while Mellanox offers some of the DMA engines (for example to handle data movement) "so that the customer doesn't have to reimplement that basic plumbing".

While the company has no ambition to become a service company, it's assembled a team of FPGA engineers to help customers with their "knowledge of the board and the system". ®

Similar topics

Broader topics

Other stories you might like

  • AMD to offer CPUs with Xilinx AI engine in 2023
    And unlike Intel, Zen giant saw boom in PC land, thanks to focus on high-end parts

    AMD plans to introduce processors next year that integrate an AI engine from the company's recently acquired Xilinx FPGA business unit, which helped the chip designer deliver high sales growth in the first quarter along with the company's traditional PC and server businesses.

    CEO Lisa Su disclosed the plans for new AI-fueled CPUs during her company's first-quarter earnings call Tuesday, where she said the resulting microprocessors will "enable industry-leading inference capabilities" as part of broader plans to capitalize on AMD's $49 billion Xilinx acquisition.

    The AI engines are already being used in Xilinx's FPGA-based products for embedded and edge applications, including image recognition for cars, according to Victor Peng, Xilinx's former CEO who now leads AMD's Adaptive and Embedded Computing Group.

    Continue reading
  • AMD, Xilinx complete world's biggest semiconductor merger thanks to stock boom
    The effect of Ryzen share prices

    AMD has officially taken over FPGA maker Xilinx in what is, thanks to rising share prices, the biggest acquisition in the history of the chip industry.

    The x86 processor giant completed the all-stock $49bn takeover of Xilinx on Monday. In 2020, AMD announced it had agreed to acquire the company in a deal back then worth $35bn, pending approval. The last hurdle was getting the OK from the Chinese government, which wrapped up earlier this month.

    “It was an all-stock deal and AMD and Xilinx values rose,” Patrick Moorhead, principal analyst at Moor Insights & Strategy, told The Register. AMD confirmed the final value of the acquisition.

    Continue reading
  • AMD confirms Xilinx merger approved by regulators
    While Nvidia loses an Arm, this acquisition has legs

    AMD on Tuesday said it has passed all the regulatory hurdles to complete its $35bn acquisition of Xilinx, which will close on Monday.

    The acquisition of Xilinx will bulk up AMD's product offerings with FPGAs (that's field programmable gate arrays), which are reprogrammable chips used for all sorts of applications, from accelerating machine-learning software to prototyping chips and providing glue logic to handling network traffic at the edge.

    The acquisition was announced in October 2020, but the closing was delayed as AMD waited for China to approve the deal, which happened late last month.

    Continue reading

Biting the hand that feeds IT © 1998–2022