The US Department of Defense is exploring whether or not it's worth using artificially intelligent software to suggest levels of classification for information – and control who gets access to it.
“To continue to securely create, access, process, manipulate, and monitor information, DoD CIO has the need to identify potential sources that can provide a commercial off-the-shelf [solution] to implement discretionary access controls on top of the currently established mandatory access controls,” the department's officials wrote in their requirements.
It’s tricky determining how sensitive intelligence information really is, and how it should be classified: whether it should be secret, top secret, and so on. It’s something machines can’t quite do yet considering they have no real understanding of human text.
Thus, it's still up to government analysts to mark intelligence reports and documents under specific labels according to internal rules, policies, and operations. It's reasonable to assume, though, that machine-learning technology could be used to suggest levels of classification, as well as automatically monitor and log records of who accessed files, where they were accessed, which systems were used to access the materials, if any changes were made, and whether that person really had a need to know the contents.
And presumably raise the alarm if something untoward is detected.
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“The tool will require the user to ultimately define a security classification marking but might offer suggestions based upon dirty words or internal classification markings,” the Pentagon officials wrote in their requirements, describing some kind of Microsoft Word Clippy assistant but for intelligence analysts.
All of this should be packaged into a clean and non-confusing user interface so that the Dept of Defense can be sure materials are only shared with trusted personnel and organizations within the department, and with external companies, too. The system also has to cope with up to 25,000 users at any one time.
Ideally, the AI would be able to deal with any type of file that can be opened using a Microsoft operating system or product, specifically “MS Server, SQL, NetApp Storage, MS Office, MS Exchange, and Skype for Business.” At a minimum, “the software must work with Microsoft Office products, including Outlook/Exchange, SharePoint, and Lync.” The platform should also be used via “software collaboration tools” rather than being a standalone network or service itself.
However, it looks as though Uncle Sam has been swept up in the whole AI hype. Its tax-collecting division, the Internal Revenue Service, also recently filed a request for information to see how machine-learning technology could be used to secure taxpayers' records on its servers. ®