A Scottish Parliamentary panel has urged police to not invest in live facial-recognition technology, and the plod seem to agree.
In a report published this week, the Justice Sub-Committee on Policing noted that today's real-time facial-recognition software discriminated against “females, and those from black, Asian and ethnic minority communities.” A vast majority of facial-recognition algorithms struggle to identify women and people of color as accurately as white men, in other words, it said.
“For this reason, the sub-committee believes that there would be no justifiable basis for Police Scotland to invest in this technology,” it continued. “We therefore welcome confirmation from Police Scotland that they have no intention to introduce it at this time.”
Live facial recognition, to be clear, refers to software that captures camera footage of a person and, in real time, runs it against a database to look for a match. The sub-committee confirmed Police Scotland does use facial recognition retroactively, which means it takes stills earlier obtained from CCTV footage and cameras, and searches for matches.
The sub-committee recommended the Scottish Policy Authority and a potential Scottish Biometrics Commissioner review procedures on using face-matching AI, now and for the future. The position of an office of Scottish Biometrics Commissioner was introduced in a bill last year, and has yet to be confirmed.
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The sub-committee’s report was sparked by Police Scotland's announcement that it hoped to employ live facial recognition by 2026. Although parliamentarians disapproved of investing in the technology right now, they did not say the cops could or should not use it in the future.
Instead, the panel insisted the software has to be accurate enough to stop false positives for women and people of color if it is to be used in the future. Police Scotland also has to demonstrate that there is public consent for the use of real-time facial-recognition technology before introducing it. In the meantime, Scotland’s Cabinet Secretary for Justice must provide legal and regulatory oversight to help Police Scotland legitimize the technology before it’s implemented.
In any case, the tech is not on the immediate horizon, for now anyway in Scotland.
"Police Scotland is not using, trialing or testing live facial recognition technology,” Assistant Chief Constable Duncan Sloan, lead for Major Crime and Public Protection, confirmed to The Register on Wednesday.
“We are keeping a watching brief on the trialing of the technology in England and Wales. Prior to any such technology being implemented we would carry out a robust program of public consultation and engagement around the use of this technology, its legitimacy, viability, and value for money.
"This would include taking advice and guidance on ethical, human rights and civil liberties considerations. In my view, the use of such technology would not be widespread, but would be used in an intelligence-led, targeted way." ®