Russian Arm SoC now shipping in Russian PCs running Russian Linux

How much work can you do with eight Arm Cortex-A57 cores? Russia's government and military may be about to find out


Russian fabless semiconductor company Baikal is celebrating after local PC-maker IRU started using its silicon in a workstation.

Baikal designs SoCs that employ Arm and MIPS technology. On the latter architecture, it offers the twin-core Baikal-T that it says is the "first silicon implementation of the MIPS P5600 CPU core with a wide range of high-speed interfaces".

The model-T is said to be ideal for storage, industrial automation, communications devices, and desktops.

However, it's Baikal's model-M that got the nod from IRU. The SoC uses eight Arm Cortex-A57 cores that run at up to 1.5GHz, an eight-core Mali-T628 GPU, dual-channel DDR3/4 support, 4MB L2 cache and 8MB L3 cache, PCIe 3, USB 3.0 and 2.0, and four Ethernet controllers – two at 10GB and the others at 1GB.

By way of comparison, the A57 is a predecessor of the A72, which is found in the quad-core Broadcom BCM2711 SoC used in the Raspberry Pi 4. The A72 uses rather less power and is speedier than the A57. Those changes make the Pi 4 a decent all-day desktop, but hardly a high-performance screamer. Indeed, the BCM2711 fares poorly in comparison with Intel's Core i3 silicon.

The IRU Opal and Agat PCs

The IRU Opal and Agat PCs. Click to enlarge

Curiously, IRU's web site is devoid of information about the new workstations. Baikal states that IRU offers its silicon inside a micro tower and small form factor device.

Whatever form factor you fancy, the workstations offer up to 32GB of RAM and storage options ranging from one to three terabytes.

The devices run Astra Linux, a distribution designed to be secure enough for use by Russian government and military users, in accordance with a 2010 decree requiring use of open products. Baikal said all software installed on the machines is approved by Russia's Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications and Ministry of Industry and Trade. The company also suggests one of the two models, named "Agat", as offering everything a civil servant needs to get through their day.

Another model – "Opal" – is suggested for general use.

Neither Baikal nor IRU has been kind enough to name a price for the Arm-powered hardware. And as we mentioned above, IRU hasn't bothered to mention them, never mind offer them for sale.

Such gripes aside, the machines reflect Russia's desire to be less dependent on technology sourced from its antagonists in the West. The new workstations' modest specs suggest that ambition comes at a price on the desktop. ®

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