PCIe 6.0 spec just months away from completion, doubles max data transfer rate

Or will do in practical terms when devices start appearing, anyway

A key standard set to double data transfer speeds between the main components of computers will be finalized in a matter of months.

The final specification for PCI-Express 6.0 is targeted for the end of this year or early 2022, Al Yanes, president and chairperson of the standards organization PCI-Special Interest Group, told The Register this week.

"The rule of thumb is that we typically see products utilizing the latest PCIe architecture 12 to 18 months after final specification release," Yanes added.

You know the drill: PCIe typically links up microprocessors, GPUs, IO devices, and data storage in systems ranging from home PCs to cloud servers to some embedded devices. PCI-SIG is in the final stages of approving the specification, and released what may be its last revision, version 0.9, today.

The new specification will succeed PCI-Express 5.0, which was finalized in 2019.

The 6.0 spec supports up to 64 gigatransfers per second, which in practical terms means up to 128 GB/s per direction in a x16 configuration, which is double that of PCIe 5.0. By comparison, PCI-Express 1.0, which was released in 2003, had a transfer rate of 2.5 GT/s, which translates to 4GB/s per direction with x16. PCI-Express 6.0 will be backwards compatible with previous generations, we're told. Upgrades to the PCI-Express standards have been in increments of two years since PCIe 4.0, which was ratified in 2017.

The faster transfer rates are needed due to the rise in data-hungry applications that include artificial intelligence, Yanes said.

"PCIe 6.0 technology bandwidth capabilities are more suited for high end applications at this time... accelerators, machine learning and HPC applications that need high IO bandwidth," he told us.

The protocol has gained a low-latency data error correction mechanism called forward error correction (FEC), in addition to CRC, to make the increased bandwidth viable. It also, interestingly enough, uses PAM-4 [PDF] encoding, which is seen in fast Ethernet and GDDR6X. There are other tricks up its sleeve – a technical overview is here [PDF].

It will be a while until PCs get PCIe 6.0 interfaces. If not because it's going to take extra care to lay out motherboards that can handle the high-speed signalling, then because the chipsets just won't be ready.

An Intel spokesperson declined to comment on when it would add PCIe 6.0 support to its components, though said it was supporting PCIe 5.0 in the upcoming processors code-named Alder Lake; its Sapphire Rapids and Ponte Vecchio will support PCIe 5.0, too. Otherwise the latest Intel Xeon and 11th-gen Core parts support PCIe 4.0.

An Nvidia spokesperson declined to comment on when it would bring in PCIe 6.0 support. The company's chips, like the BlueField-3 DPU for data centers, can handle PCIe 5.0. AMD did not respond to a request for comment. The biz's most recent desktop and data-center chips support PCIe 4.0, we note.

The evolving automotive sector is hot on semiconductors, and PCI-SIG is looking to cash in.

"We have seen tremendous interest in automobile solutions and we have formed a new PCIe technical workgroup to focus on how to increase the adoption of PCIe technology in automobile industry due to the increased demand for bandwidth in that ecosystem," Yanes said. ®

Other stories you might like

  • Snowflake stock drops as some top customers cut usage
    You might say its valuation is melting away

    IPO darling Snowflake's share price took a beating in an already bearish market for tech stocks after filing weaker than expected financial guidance amid a slowdown in orders from some of its largest customers.

    For its first quarter of fiscal 2023, ended April 30, Snowflake's revenue grew 85 percent year-on-year to $422.4 million. The company made an operating loss of $188.8 million, albeit down from $205.6 million a year ago.

    Although surpassing revenue expectations, the cloud-based data warehousing business saw its valuation tumble 16 percent in extended trading on Wednesday. Its stock price dived from $133 apiece to $117 in after-hours trading, and today is cruising back at $127. That stumble arrived amid a general tech stock sell-off some observers said was overdue.

    Continue reading
  • Amazon investors nuke proposed ethics overhaul and say yes to $212m CEO pay
    Workplace safety, labor organizing, sustainability and, um, wage 'fairness' all struck down in vote

    Amazon CEO Andy Jassy's first shareholder meeting was a rousing success for Amazon leadership and Jassy's bank account. But for activist investors intent on making Amazon more open and transparent, it was nothing short of a disaster.

    While actual voting results haven't been released yet, Amazon general counsel David Zapolsky told Reuters that stock owners voted down fifteen shareholder resolutions addressing topics including workplace safety, labor organizing, sustainability, and pay fairness. Amazon's board recommended voting no on all of the proposals.

    Jassy and the board scored additional victories in the form of shareholder approval for board appointments, executive compensation and a 20-for-1 stock split. Jassy's executive compensation package, which is tied to Amazon stock price and mostly delivered as stock awards over a multi-year period, was $212 million in 2021. 

    Continue reading
  • Confirmed: Broadcom, VMware agree to $61b merger
    Unless anyone out there can make a better offer. Oh, Elon?

    Broadcom has confirmed it intends to acquire VMware in a deal that looks set to be worth $61 billion, if it goes ahead: the agreement provides for a “go-shop” provision under which the virtualization giant may solicit alternative offers.

    Rumors of the proposed merger emerged earlier this week, amid much speculation, but neither of the companies was prepared to comment on the deal before today, when it was disclosed that the boards of directors of both organizations have unanimously approved the agreement.

    Michael Dell and Silver Lake investors, which own just over half of the outstanding shares in VMware between both, have apparently signed support agreements to vote in favor of the transaction, so long as the VMware board continues to recommend the proposed transaction with chip designer Broadcom.

    Continue reading

Biting the hand that feeds IT © 1998–2022