India gives local techies 60 days to hit 6-hour deadline for infosec incident reporting

Customer data collection and retention requirements also increased, including for crypto operators


India's Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) has given many of the nation's IT shops a big job that needs to be done in a hurry: complying with a new set of rules that require organizations to report 20 different types of infosec incidents within six hours of detection, be they a ransomware attack or mere compromise of a social media account.

The national infosec agency stated the short deadline is needed as it has identified "certain gaps causing hindrance in incident analysis."

Organizations can use email, phone, or fax to send incident reports. Just how the analog mediums will improve improve analysis gaps is uncertain.

The rules [PDF] apply to service providers, intermediaries, datacenter operators, companies and government organizations.

aerial view of the business district of Cybercity Gurugram, near New Delhi

The business district Cybercity in Gurugram, near New Delhi (click to enlarge)

In total 20 incident types are listed, and some such as ransomware attacks and data breaches are clearly worthy of swift reporting. Others are very vaguely worded: the threshold for "Attacks or malicious/ suspicious activities affecting Cloud computing systems/servers/software/applications" is surely worthy of clarification. Other incidents that require reporting, such as website defacement or unauthorised use of social media accounts, seem not to have the same seriousness as others.

The six-hour reporting window is also short: Europe's General Data Protection Regulations require data breach reporting within 72 hours and the USA is pondering 24-hour reporting requirements for government agencies.

Entities covered by the rules are also now obliged to keep and maintain logs of all their ICT systems for a rolling period of 180 days, and submit them to CERT-In when asked.

CERT-In also put the onus on Datacenters, Virtual Private Server (VPS) providers, Cloud Service providers and Virtual Private Network Service (VPN Service) providers to not only register customer data, but to also maintain it for a minimum of five years. Data to be retained includes names of customers, hire dates, IP addresses, email addresses, services, ownership patterns and more.

The crypto sector has also been given extra requirements. Virtual asset exchange and custodian wallet providers must maintain Know Your Customer (KYC) records and financial transactions for a period of five years, a likely signal Indian authorities are clamping down on the use of cryptocurrency for money laundering.

Another new requirement is for Indian entities to use Network Time Protocol servers provided by either the National Informatics Centre or National Physical Laboratory, or NTP servers traceable and synched to those organisations. The reason for this requirement was not explained.

"These directions will enhance overall cybersecurity posture and ensure safe and trusted internet in the country," CERT-In stated.

And now for the best bit: the rules come into effect in 60 days. Which is not a lot of time to establish the procedures required to deliver six-hour reporting.

Good luck, Indian sysadmins. ®

Broader topics


Other stories you might like

  • Minimal, systemd-free Alpine Linux releases version 3.16
    A widespread distro that many of its users don't even know they have

    Version 3.16.0 of Alpine Linux is out – one of the most significant of the many lightweight distros.

    Version 3.16.0 is worth a look, especially if you want to broaden your skills.

    Alpine is interesting because it's not just another me-too distro. It bucks a lot of the trends in modern Linux, and while it's not the easiest to set up, it's a great deal easier to get it working than it was a few releases ago.

    Continue reading
  • Verizon: Ransomware sees biggest jump in five years
    We're only here for DBIRs

    The cybersecurity landscape continues to expand and evolve rapidly, fueled in large part by the cat-and-mouse game between miscreants trying to get into corporate IT environments and those hired by enterprises and security vendors to keep them out.

    Despite all that, Verizon's annual security breach report is again showing that there are constants in the field, including that ransomware continues to be a fast-growing threat and that the "human element" still plays a central role in most security breaches, whether it's through social engineering, bad decisions, or similar.

    According to the US carrier's 2022 Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR) released this week [PDF], ransomware accounted for 25 percent of the observed security incidents that occurred between November 1, 2020, and October 31, 2021, and was present in 70 percent of all malware infections. Ransomware outbreaks increased 13 percent year-over-year, a larger increase than the previous five years combined.

    Continue reading
  • Slack-for-engineers Mattermost on open source and data sovereignty
    Control and access are becoming a hot button for orgs

    Interview "It's our data, it's our intellectual property. Being able to migrate it out those systems is near impossible... It was a real frustration for us."

    These were the words of communication and collaboration platform Mattermost's founder and CTO, Corey Hulen, speaking to The Register about open source, sovereignty and audio bridges.

    "Some of the history of Mattermost is exactly that problem," says Hulen of the issue of closed source software. "We were using proprietary tools – we were not a collaboration platform before, we were a games company before – [and] we were extremely frustrated because we couldn't get our intellectual property out of those systems..."

    Continue reading

Biting the hand that feeds IT © 1998–2022