Out of nowhere, India requires PC and server makers to get an import license
This is one way to kickstart local manufacturing
India yesterday changed its trade rules to require manufacturers of many types of computers to secure an import license to bring their goods into the country.
The unheralded move, announced in a slightly off-center scanned PDF from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, adds laptops, tablets, all-in-one personal computers, and ultrasmall form factor computers and servers to a "restricted list" of imports.
At the time of writing, the government's portal describing the requirements to secure such a license – and the cost of doing so – was not responsive, leaving The Register unable to assess the degree of the impost on would-be suppliers.
No explanation has been offered for the change, but there’s on obvious candidate: the nation's "Make In India" push, and accompanying subsidy programs, reflect policy to turn the nation into a tech manufacturing powerhouse. The argument goes that a local presence helps system builders to serve the burgeoning local market better and at the same time diversify their operations to reduce concentration of activities in China.
Allowing untrammelled imports doesn't help India to advance that argument or reach its goal of building a tech manufacturing hub. A costly license is a clear signal to system-makers that they will do well to consider making more stuff on Indian soil.
India has lured plenty of smartphone makers to its shores, but has had limited success attracting builders of other computers.
In 2021 Dell, Foxconn, Wistron and Flextronics signed up for a production incentive deal covering servers and PCs.
But both vendors score billions in hardware revenue each year – a single billion worth of product over multiple years is, in the scheme of things, a modest investment in India.
In August 2022, India's IT minister Rajeev Chandrasekhar admitted that he was disappointed by uptake of India's incentive schemes for enterprise hardware players, and would revisit the offer.
With this change, India has used one of the oldest trade tactics – increasing costs – apparently to send a signal that manufacturers need to pay greater heed to consideration of a local presence.
It's done so amid a downturn in PC and enterprise hardware sales, and at a time when more and more workloads are moving to the cloud.
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India is working hard to make itself a more attractive destination for manufacturers. But while it has a deep pool of talent – which often works at low wages – it remains a tricky nation in which to do business. Transport infrastructure is not world class, while internet outages are frequent and imposed for capricious reasons – such as to deter cheating during examinations, or to quell civil unrest.
Consider, also, that PCs and tablets are not affordable for the bulk of India's population, nor are smartphones – which is why in June India's leading mobile carrier introduced a $12 feature phone that can run a small collection of apps.
This tweak to import rules may therefore have long term benefits if it results in some manufacturers setting up shop on the subcontinent. But if they balk, Indians will be left with bigger bills. ®