Software

France says non to Office 365 and Google Workspace in school

Hey, teacher, leave those apps alone


The French minister of national education and youth has said that free versions of Microsoft Office 365 and Google Workspace should not be used in schools – a position that reflects ongoing European concerns about cloud data sovereignty, competition, and privacy rules.

In August, Philippe Latombe, a member of the French National Assembly, advised [PDF] Pap Ndiaye, the minister of national education, that the free version of Microsoft Office 365, while appealing, amounts to a form of illegal dumping. He asked the education minister what he intends to do, given the data sovereignty issues involved with storing personal data in an American cloud service.

Last week, the Ministry of National Education published a written reply to confirm that French public procurement contracts require "consideration" – payment.

"Free service offers are therefore, in principle, excluded from the scope of public procurement," the Ministry statement says, and minister Ndiaye has reportedly confirmed this position.

This applies to other free offerings like Google Workspace for Education. Paid versions of these cloud services might be an option if they hadn't already been disallowed based on worries about data safety.

French authorities consider Microsoft and Google cloud services that store data in the US to be non-compliant with European data regulations like GDPR and with "Schrems II" – a 2020 ruling [PDF] from the Court of Justice of the European Union governing data sharing across borders.

The "Schrems II" decision invalidated the US-EU Privacy Shield Agreement because the CJEU found that US law fell short of the privacy standards in Europe.

On September 15, 2021, Nadi Bou Hanna, director of DINUM, France's interministerial digital department, said in a letter that French government agencies considering cloud services to replace office and messaging products on government servers like Exchange should not use Office 365 [PDF] because it does not comply with France's "Cloud at the Center" initiative.

Citing the position of DINUM, the prime minister's "Cloud at the Center" policy, and a May 2021 note from the National Commission for Computing and Liberties (CNIL) advising higher education institutions to use GDPR-respecting cloud collaboration services, the Ministry of Education in October 2021 said it advised academies to avoid any deployment of Office 365 or Google Workspace.

German data protection authorities came to a similar conclusion in 2019 when they disallowed Microsoft Office 365 in classrooms in the state of Hessen.

Google did not respond to a request for comment.

Microsoft declined to comment. However, the company in July announced Microsoft Cloud for Sovereignty, a service that will allow public sector customers to use Microsoft cloud services in a way that's consistent with policies.

Microsoft also plans to deploy its EU Data Boundary, though which EU customer data can be processed in compliance with data regulations, by the end of 2022. And Google last year undertook a similar initiative to meet EU data protection demands.

Last month, president Biden signed an executive order directing US agencies to implement the Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Framework, announced in March.

The EU now has to take steps to adopt the rules, which could take some time. Once that happens, data transfers between the US and the EU should become more manageable. And Microsoft and Google may find it easier to win European government cloud contracts. ®

Send us news
81 Comments

Google: We're still working to defeat Microsoft's 'anticompetitive' cloud policy

Yesterday's settlement between MS and Euro cloud providers shouldn't 'fool' you, says Alphabet arm's cloud boss

Microsoft avoids formal antitrust EC probe over abusive licensing claims by settling case with CISPE

Pays 'lump sum,' setting up new Azure Stack for hosters and more but some concerned about the private deal

Microsoft China staff can't log on with an Android, so Redmond buys them iThings

Google's absence creates software distribution issues not even mighty Microsoft can handle

Google can totally explain why Chromium browsers quietly tell only its websites about your CPU, GPU usage

OK, now tell us why this isn't an EU DMA violation – asking for a friend in Brussels

Apple, Google, ease cross-cloud data transfers, perhaps with costly catch

The joy of cloudy interoperability may be dampened by differently-sized free storage tiers

Microsoft 365's Chinese host uses just four percent renewable energy: Greenpeace

Red clouds are in no rush to go green

Anthropic tries 'to enable beneficial uses' of AI by government agencies

Not keen on smart weapons, more interested in stopping human trafficking

RIP: WordPerfect co-founder Bruce Bastian dies at 76

Tributes paid to passionate LGBTQ+ equality champion

Critical Windows licensing bugs – plus two others under attack – top Patch Tuesday

Citrix, SAP also deserve your attention – because miscreants are already thinking about Exploit Wednesday

Microsoft exits OpenAI's boardroom to sidestep regulatory scrutiny

Redmond 'confident in the company's direction' says withdrawal letter

Microsoft tries to clear the air with mountains of CO<sub>2</sub> credits

'Supply chains still powered by coal and gas' scoffs Greenpeace

Coders' Copilot code-copying copyright claims crumble against GitHub, Microsoft

A few devs versus the powerful forces of Redmond – who did you think was going to win?