Schrems I and Schrems II

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Privacy activist and lawyer Max Schrems ultimately toppled the biggest EU-US data-sharing deal, Safe Harbor in 2015 in a case known as Schrems I, when Europe’s highest court ruled that data sharing between the EU and US under the Safe Harbor framework was invalid. Schrems II was a 2015 complaint that Ireland's data protection agency still wasn't preventing Facebook Ireland Ltd (as EU representative of Meta) from beaming European data to the US under Privacy Shield. In July 2020, the EU Court of Justice struck down the so-called Privacy Shield data protection arrangements between the political bloc and the US.