Intel's vision of the computing architecture of autonomous vehicles is similar to that of PCs, with pricey models getting better hardware and the latest software, and cheaper self-driving cars getting the bare minimum.
The segments of premium and mid-range cars will need extra compute and over-the-air update capabilities to enable increasing levels of autonomous driving, said Erez Dagan, executive vice president at Mobileye, Intel's self-driving car system division, speaking at the Evercore ISI Autotech & AI Forum this week.
On the other hand, low-end vehicles will have basic equipment, sensors, and features as mandated or incentivized by regulations like the EU's General Safety Regulation, which focuses on improving driver safety.
"You don't need to have a strong computer or upgradable computer on a vehicle where you know the likelihood of over-the-air updates is very low," Dagan said, responding to a question about how he conceived future architectures for cars.
It's no surprise that more expensive products will get more features than less expensive alternatives; what is interesting to consider, which many not have, is a future in which autonomous vehicles on the road will have varying levels of abilities. Like PCs and smartphones, self-driving cars won't all be created equal.
Dagan was addressing how the autonomous vehicle market was developing, and not specific products the microprocessor giant will deliver. Intel, NXP, and others are actively talking about next-generation car architectures for autonomous driving, which are set to feature high-speed connectivity, advanced cameras and sensors, a reliance on cloud services, and so on.
Components will be more integrated in the premium cars, though Dagan couldn't directly comment on whether Mobileye or automakers using the company's tech will deliver the over-the-air updates.
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Mobileye has a dual system – one based on cameras, and the other based on depth sensors like radars and lidar – to enable autonomous driving. It is also using Intel's silicon photonics and radio frequency intellectual property to develop sensors and camera systems. The company is also building a cloud-based mapping system based on information provided by cars equipped with its cameras.
Intel last month announced a partnership with Sixt to launch an autonomous taxi in Munich next year.
And speaking of cloud-connected cars, Arm this month unveiled SOAFEE – that's Scalable Open Architecture for the Embedded Edge – which developers can use, for instance, to build backend services and software update mechanisms, and integrate them with applications and firmware running on vehicles. ®